Date 3 Dec 2019
In Iran, the executions are conducted as per Sharia Law. According to an Amnesty International global report on death sentences and executions, Iran executed 256 people in 2018, which was actually a significant drop from the 507 people sentenced to death in 2017. At least 13 people were hanged in public and at least seven people were sentenced to death for crimes they committed before turning 18, according to the same report. Iran extracts confessions from prisoners through various forms of torture and other dehumanizing treatment. Extracted confessions and public executions are sometimes broadcast on state television.
According to Fox News, Iran publicly hanged a 31-year-old man in January for an alleged violation of the country’s anti-gay law. There are other offences considered punishable by death include same-sex relations and insulting the Prophet Muhammad.
Protest against Islamic Laws in Iran
There are many protests called which opposes such inhuman laws in Iran. Masih Alinejad protesting against the compulsory wearing of the hijab, or headscarf, in Iran. She started social media movement #MyStealthyFreedom. She encouraged other women to share the photographs of their secret movements of freedom.
She has more than 2.5 million followers. In her book, The Wind In My Hair, Masih writes about growing up in a strict Muslim family in a small village in northern Iran. She developed a strong feeling of injustice towards women in her Islamic culture. She lived in the US since 2009 but Her parents are forbidden from leaving the country and her father has stopped speaking to her. Death threats are a daily occurrence for Masih.
During the 2009 Green Movement, Iranians took to the streets in response to the fraudulent reelection of hard-line President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, with some analysts projecting the possibility of the overthrow of the regime. Protesters were met with mass arrests and live ammunition. Protests sporadically broke out in small pockets of Iran in early 2017 as well, and security forces arbitrarily arrested 4,900 people during the protests, according to Human Rights Watch. The rise of globalization and the democratization of communications and social media platforms mean the Islamic Republic must take a firm stance against free speech and assembly.
Implementation of Sharia in Middle East countries.
This type of public moral authority is not restricted to Iran but is endemic across the Middle East North Africa region. Saudi Arabia, Sudan, and even the relatively progressive and Western-oriented Moroccan monarchy have police forces tasked with enforcing morality laws and dress codes. According to worldpopulationreview.com, the sharia law is still implemented in full and in part in countries which are Afghanistan, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritania, Nigeria, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.
In the end, there is hardly any chance of human rights development in the Islamic country in future. Recently, according to newspaper Guardian, Iran lawmakers passed a bill that allows men to marry their adopted daughters, so long as the girls are at least 13 years old. Also, recent news on 4th Nov, in Radiofarda, Iran chief Justice dismisses Human Rights Criticism. “Our ruling establishment is based on Shari'a, and in no way, we will ever give away our religious principles”, he reacted to criticisms of Iran’s human rights violations. Such judicial orders are the major challenge before the Human Right activists and modernists in Iran and this surely is the same situation in other Islamic countries. Because Islamic Law “Sharia” is the same for all Muslims and Non-Muslims, so people of Islamic countries facing the same issues in their countries. As a result, the Human Rights Activists, Modern thinkers and intellectuals of Islamic countries are started residing in liberal countries due to life-threatening. But they are not silent, they still fighting with such inhuman Islamic laws via social media. They are encouraging young people to fight against Sharia in respective countries.