About 250 members of 40 Muslim families from Bidhmira village in Haryana's Hisar district returned to Hinduism on Friday (May 8, 2020) and performed the last rites of an 80-year older woman according to Hindu customs, Times of India reported.
Earlier, about 35 members of six Muslim families also embraced Hinduism at Jind's Danoda Kalan village on April 18, 2020.
According to media reports, Satbir, who returned to Hinduism, said his mother Phooli Devi died a natural death on Friday, and the Muslim families of the village decided that since they lead the Hindu way of life, they should declare themselves to be Hindus and decided to do the cremation as per Hindu rituals. Earlier, the dead were cremated according to Muslim customs, he said.
While talking to media, when asked whether there was pressure on them to convert, Satbir denied it, saying no villager had misbehaved with anyone.
Satbir claimed that he was from Doom caste and has heard of his Hindu ancestors embracing Muslim under pressure during the time Mughal ruler Aurangzeb. Their entire village celebrates Hindu festivals, but the last rites of the dead are done according to the Muslim religion, he said.
Majid, a village youth, said, "Now many people are educated, and they have convinced everyone to do this (change religion). It is only when we bury our dead that the villagers looked at us differently. Therefore, looking at the future of children, we decided to convert."
Following are some historical incidences of persecution and forced conversion of Hindus to Islam-
Mahmud of Ghazni, Sultan of the Ghaznavid Empire, invaded the Indian subcontinent during the early 11th century. Mahmud's court historian Al-Utbi viewed Mahmud's expeditions as a jihad to propagate Islam and extirpate idolatry. His loot from Mathura is estimated at 3 million rupees and over 5,000 slaves. Mahmud of Ghazni sacked the Somnath Temple in 1026, looted it, and destroyed the famous Shiva linga of the temple. (1)
The Muslim army led by Malik Kafur pursued two violent campaigns into south India, between year 1309 and 1311, against three Hindu kingdoms of Deogiri (Maharashtra), Warangal (Telangana) and Madurai (Tamil Nadu). Thousands were slaughtered. Halebid temple was destroyed. (2)
In year 1394, when Sultan Firuz Shah Tughlaq died, Hindu slaves in his service were killed. Victims of religious violence included Hindu Brahmin priests who refused to convert to Islam. Under his rule, Hindus who were forced to pay the mandatory Jizya tax were recorded as infidels, and their communities monitored. Hindus, who erected a deity or built a temple and those who practised their religion in public were arrested, brought to the palace and executed. (3)
According to Habib and Raychaudhuri, when "Timur invaded India in year 1398-99, the collection of slaves formed [as] an important object for his army; his soldiers and camp followers had seized 100,000 Hindu slaves". All of them were killed. (4)
In year 1400, Sultan Sikandar began religious violence in Kashmir, and that earned him the name but-shikan or idol-breaker. He destroyed the vast majority of Hindu and Buddhist temples within his reach in the Kashmir region. To escape the religious violence during his reign, many Hindus converted to Islam, and many left Kashmir. Many were also killed. (5)
The Martand Sun Temple, Kashmir
In year 1450, Bahlul Khan Lodhi and Sikandar Lodhi, whose reach had shrunk to northern and eastern India, witnessed the burning and killing of Hindus for their religion, in Bengal, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. Bahlul Khan Lodhi and Sikandar Lodhi gave the option to Hindus either embrace and convert to Islam, or be killed. (6)
The reign of Aurangzeb witnessed one of the most vigorous campaigns of religious violence in the Mughal Empire's history. Aurangzeb re-introduced jizya (tax) on non-Muslims, led numerous campaigns of attacks against non-Muslims, forcibly converted Hindus to Islam and destroyed Hindu temples. (7)
Tipu Sultan persecuted the Hindus and carried out forced conversions of Hindus. Thousands of Kodava Hindus were seized along with the Raja and held captive at Seringapatam (Srirangapatna). They were also subjected to forcible conversions to Islam, death, and torture. In year 1788, Tipu ordered his governor in Calicut Sher Khan to begin the process of converting Hindus to Islam, and in July of that year, 200 Hindus were forcibly converted and made to eat beef. The Archaeological Survey of India has listed three temples which were destroyed during the reign of Tipu Sultan. These were the Harihareshwar Temple at Harihar which was converted into a mosque. (8)
The rate of return to Hinduism will be rise once the Indian Muslims realized their ancestor's true religion. Present Indian Muslims needs to find out whether their ancestors were forcefully converted to Islam to save from religious persecution.