Guru Govind Singh Ji (1666-1708) was born in Patna, Bihar. He was a son of Guru Tegh Bahadur ji (Ninth Guru) and Mata Gujri. According to the Nanakshahi Calendar, the birthday of Guru Gobind Singh Sahib falls annually in January month of the Gregorian calendar. This year, the birth anniversary is falling on January 9, 2022, and this is his 355th birth anniversary.
His birth name was Gobind Rai, and a shrine named Takht Sri Patna Harimandar Sahib marks the site of the house where he was born and spent the first four years of his life. Guru Govind Singh Ji and their family returned to Punjab in 1670. After Guru Tegh Bahadur's visit to Assam, Bengal and Bihar, the Guruji visited Rani Champa of Bilaspur, who offered him a piece of land in her State. Guruji bought the site for 500 rupees. There, Guru Tegh Bahadur founded the city of Anandpur Sahib in the foothills of the Himalayas. In 1675 his father, Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji, was petitioned by Kashmiri Pandits for protection from the persecution by the Islamic invaders.