Prime Minister Modi announced December 26 as ‘Veer Baal Diwas’ in the year 2022 as a tribute to the four sons of Guru Gobind Singh ji. The Mughals executed them in 1705 CE.
Guru Gobind Singh ji had four sons – Sahibzada Ajit Singh, Sahibzada Jujhar Singh, Sahibzada Zorawar Singh and Sahibzada Fateh Singh. All four of his sons were initiated into the Khalsa, and Mughal forces executed all before the age of 19. Sikhism honours the illustrious martyred sons of Guru Gobind Singh ji in the prayer of ardas for their valour and sacrifice as ‘Char Sahibzade’, that is, the four princes of the Khalsa warrior order.
Ajit Singh was martyred at the age of 18 on December 7, 1705 CE, at Chamkaur after he volunteered to leave the besieged fortress and face the enemy on the battlefield. Jujhar Singh was martyred at the age of 14, on December 7, 1705 CE, at Chamkaur, where he earned the reputation of being likened to a crocodile for his fierceness in battle when he volunteered to leave the besieged fortress with five of the last Singhs standing, and all achieved immortality on the battlefield.
Zorawar Singh and his younger brother Fateh Singh were captured with their grandmother Mata Gujari, the mother of Guru Gobind Singh. They were imprisoned with their grandmother and put to death by cruel Mughals on the orders of Aurangzeb, who attempted to suffocate them inside a brick enclosure. At the time of martyrdom, the ages of Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh were nine years and six years, respectively. This sacrifice is seen as the bravest sacrifice for Dharma by any young boy in Indian history.
A Mughal assassin also killed Guru Gobind Singh in 1708, a year after the death of Aurangzeb.